Since 1961 the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center has operated
this field station (see Archive). Whiteface
Mountain, NY (44.4° N, 73.9° W) is a rural mountain top site located
in the Adirondack mountains of northern New York at a elevation
of 1500 m (~ 90 m above the tree line). The mountain is a tourist
attraction and open to the public from approximately April through
The main facility is located at 600 m msl on a shoulder of Whiteface
Mountain properly known as Marble Mountain and includes extensive
laboratory and instrument space, offices, and a lecture hall. At
the summit of Whiteface Mountain (1500 m) ASRC maintains a three-story
observatory. The summit building which sits atop Whiteface Mountain
is reached via a 426 ft long access tunnel dug approximately into
the center of the mountain and met by an elevator which is 276 ft
in height. The tunnel entrance is from the summit parking lot, an
area accessible by a paved controlled access highway.
Although Whiteface Mountain is not high by western U.S. standards,
the summit is located above the timberline and experiences most
of the unusual and interesting weather phenomena which occur at
much higher elevations.
at Whiteface Mountain is home to a large array of instruments.
Many of these measure chemical species both in the gas phase and
dissolved in cloud, fog and rain water. The Whiteface Mountain continuous
surface ozone measurements provide one of the longest continuous
records of ozone. Many researchers use this data to examine changes
in that critical species (see Air Quality).
Also other other gas species are measured, such as carbon monoxide
and various nitrogen oxids. Further, hydrogen peroxide and formaldehyd
as well as hydrocarbons are monitored. White Face Mountain is also
a measurement site in the PMCTA program in order to collect data
about PM mass and composition.